Poison Prevention

Poisonous Substances:

(click to reveal the most common items in each category)

  • Human food
    • Coffee
    • Alcohol
    • Avocado
    • Chocolate
    • Onions
    • Garlic
    • Chives
    • Milk
    • Salt
    • Yeast Dough
    • Raw/undercooked meat and bones
    • Raw/undercooked eggs
    • Xylitol (sweetener)
      • Used in:
        • Chewing gum
        • Candy
        • Baked goods
        • Toothpaste
        • Sugar free mints
    • Apples
    • Peaches
    • Tomatoes
    • Cherries
    • Spicy food
    • Macadamia nuts
    • Mushrooms
    • Fatty Foods
    • Moldy or spoiled foods
    • Grapes
    • Raisins
  • Household chemicals
    • Lighter fluid
    • Fabric softener sheets
    • Bleach
    • Detergent
    • Disinfectant
    • Acid
    • Alkali
    • Chemical bait for mice, rats and other rodents
    • Anti-freeze
    • Herbicides (Keep pets off treated areas until they are dry)
    • Batteries
    • Ice-melting products
    • Liquid potpourri
    • Insecticides
    • Plant fertiliser (if applied to indoor plants)
    • Insect control products
      • Flea & tick preparations
      • Insect bait
  • Human medication
    • Painkillers; including Tylenol, aspirin, & ibuprofen
    • Antidepressants
    • Cold & flu preperations
  • Pet medication
    • If left lying around, pets may consume the whole bottle
  • Animal toxins
    • Toads
    • Insects
    • Spiders
    • Snakes
    • Scorpions
  • 17 most common poisonous plants:
    • Marijuana
    • Sago Palm
    • Tulip/Narcissus Bulbs
    • Azalea/Rhododendron
    • Oleander
    • Castor Bean
    • Cyclamen
    • Kalanchoe
    • Yew
    • Amaryllis
    • Autumn Crocus
    • Chrysanthemum
    • English Ivy
    • Lilies
    • Peace Lily (aka Mauna Lao Peace Lily)
    • Pothos
    • Schefflera
  • Outdoors
    • Blue-green algae
    • Citronella candles
    • Cocoa mulch
    • Compost piles
    • Fertilizers
    • Swimming-pool treatment
    • Fly baits
    • Slug and snail baits
  • Malicious poisoning
    • Make sure your pet is in a secure area
    • Don't allow your pet to get through into neighbouring gardens
  • Other
    • Citronella candles
    • Insect coils
    • Matches
    • Mothballs
    • Post-1982 pennies (high concentration of zinc)

What You Can Do:

  • Prevention
    • Stick to food and treats specifically made for pets
    • Always follow the instructions on any household cleaning product and cosmetics
    • Get an emergency first-aid kit for your pet
      • Consult your vet about what it should contain
      • Consult your vet when using an emergency first-aid item
    • Never use any products on your pets if they are not designed for that use
      • Mosquito repellent
      • Sun tan lotion
    • When using insecticides (e.g. flea preparation) follow the label instructions exactly
    • Having things in sealed containers is not enough
      • Animals can chew through containers
    • When placing rodenticide, place it in areas that are inaccessible to your pets
    • Keep all medication and chemicals out of reach
      • Closed cabinets
      • Above counter tops
      • Out of reach
      • Ideally locked
      • Don't leave them lying around
    • Keep the telephone number of your local vet in a prominent location
    • Never give your pet any drugs without consulting your vet
  • Symptoms
    • Emergency
      • Seizures
      • Losing consciousness
      • Unconscious
      • Difficulty breathing
  • What to do
    • Call your vet immediately
      • Have this information
        • Species
        • Breed
        • Age
        • Sex
        • Weight
        • Symptoms
        • Exposure
          • What they were exposed to (if known)
            • Have the item (and container) to hand when calling if possible
            • Bring the item (and container) with you
            • Collect in a sealed container any material the pet might have vomited or chewed
          • How much
          • Time since exposure
    • If you see them consuming something that might be poisonous
      • Seek emergency assistance even if you do not notice adverse effects
      • May appear normal for hours or days afterwards
    • Collect any materials involved & take the container with you
    • If they have seizures, loss of consciousness or difficulty breathing:
      • Phone ahead and bring your pet immediately to your local vet or emergency vet clinic

Resource provided by Embrace Pet Insurance